عنوان مقاله [English]
Dismissal is the cause of the fall of obligations, and is a legal act that takes place in the form of a contract and depends on the will of the discharger. The Civil Code of Iran, while allocating Articles 289 to 291 to express the nature, conditions and provisions of acquittal, has considered it as a reason for the fall of obligations. Exemption of the right of retribution and blood money, dowry, as well as exemption of the creditor is one of the examples of exemption. According to Article 290 of the Civil Code, discharge causes the obligation to fall when the obligor is qualified. According to Article 291 of the Civil Code, it is correct to absolve the deceased from the religion. Practical legal discharge is a kind of rite, which causes the religious right of the discharger to fall. In fact, acquittal is a subordinate rite and its validity depends on the existence of religion. so; If the discharge is before the creation or after the fall of religion, it will be void for some reason. It is worth mentioning that it is correct to ignore the religion that caused it. for example; If a woman discharges her future alimony, because there is a cause of religion which is a marital relationship, then the discharge is valid.