نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد حقوق سردفتری اسناد رسمی دانشگاه علوم قضایی و خدمات اداری،تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Hoarding is one of the destructive economic crimes that endangers the health of the economic system of the society in critical and emergency situations and makes it difficult for the majority of the society to access one or more specific goods. The conditions for the occurrence of the crime of hoarding is that, firstly, the maintenance of the goods must be major, secondly, there must be an intention to harm the community or overselling, and thirdly, the competent authority must have requested supply. According to the author, the nature of hoarding is a governmental ruling, not a religious ruling, and its subject matter is determined according to the ruling discretion. In hoarding, the rule of dominance conflicts with the rule of no harm, which we prefer the rule of no harm to the rule of dominance. The crime of hoarding in some cases overlaps with the crime of corruption on earth, which can also be considered a corruptor on earth. This article seeks to resolve differences in the nature and subject matter and purposes of the hoarding crime and the pricing reference of hoarded goods and compare this economic crime with the crime of corruption on earth.